Going to the Gynecologist

Reproductive Health Series Part 7

One of the best steps that you can take for maintaining your sexual and reproductive health is to begin making regular visits to the gynecologist. Continue reading and to learn about navigating the reproductive health system, and the process for standard pelvic exam and/or pap smear.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that you should have your first gynecologist visit when you’re between the ages of 13 and 17.

After this first visit, it is recommended to schedule an appointment for a yearly check-up.

The three main reasons to start going to the gynecologist are:

  1. To receive information on your reproductive and sexual health. It is important to learn about your body, regardless of if you are sexually active or not.
  2. To learn about prevention measures for any reproductive health issues or sexually transmitted infections as well as cervical cancer.
  3. To receive treatment for issues like irregular menstrual cycles, vaginal pain or discomfort or other reproductive health issues.

When you arrive at the gynecologist, you will likely go through one or all of these short exams.

  • The External Exam: Your health care provider will first look at the area outside of your vagina (clitoris, labia, vaginal opening). They will check for cysts, abnormal discharge, genital warts, irritation, or other issues
  • The Bimanual Exam: Your provider will use gloved and lubricated fingers into your vagina while gently pressing on your lower abdomen with their other hand. This is a way to check your uterus and ovaries.

One of the most important parts of going to the gynecologist is having a pap smear exam. This exam helps to screen for cancer as it can detect precancerous cells on your cervix

  • You should start getting Pap tests at age 21. If your Pap test result is normal, your doctor may tell you that you can wait three years until your next Pap test.
  • If your test shows that something might not be normal, your doctor will contact you and figure out how best to follow up. There are many reasons why test results might not be normal. It usually does not mean you have cancer.
  • Birth Control
  • Menstrual Cycle
  • Hormonal Issues
  • STI screening
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine
  • Vaginal Discharge, Vaginal itching, redness, or soreness
  • Questions about bacterial or yeast infections



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